Multilevel governance navigates to a system of governance where power and decision-making are shared among different levels of government. This includes national, regional, and local levels, as well as non-governmental organizations, private companies, and other stakeholders.
In the case of Nepal, multilevel governance is particularly important because of the country’s complex political and social landscape. Nepal is a federal democratic republic that is divided into seven provinces, 77 districts, and 753 local units. Each level of government has its own set of responsibilities and powers, which are defined in the country’s constitution.
One of the key challenges of multilevel governance in Nepal is ensuring that all levels of government work together effectively to address the country’s most pressing issues. This requires coordination, cooperation, and communication among different levels of government, as well as the involvement of other stakeholders, such as civil society organizations and the private sector.
Another challenge is ensuring that the benefits of governance are distributed fairly across different regions and communities. Nepal is a diverse country with many ethnic and linguistic groups, and there is a risk that some communities may be marginalized or excluded from decision-making processes.
To address these challenges, Nepal has developed a range of policies and programs aimed at promoting multilevel governance and strengthening democratic institutions. These include initiatives to improve local governance, increase citizen participation, and promote transparency and accountability in government.